Mosquito Bite Symptoms and Treatment
When a mosquito bites you, it pierces the skin using a special mouthpart (proboscis) to suck up blood. As the mosquito is feeding, it injects saliva into your skin. Your body reacts to the saliva resulting in a bump and itching.
Some people have only a mild reaction to a bite or bites. Other people react more strongly, and a large area of swelling, soreness, and redness can occur.
Mosquito bite signs include:
· A puffy and reddish bump appearing a few minutes after the bite.
· A hard, itchy, reddish-brown bump, or multiple bumps appearing a day or so after the bite or bites
· Small blisters instead of hard bumps
· Dark spots that look like bruises
More severe reactions can occur in:
· Adults bitten by a mosquito species they haven’t been exposed to previously
· People with immune system disorders
- Wash the area with soap and water.
- Apply an ice pack for 10 minutes to reduce swelling and itching. Reapply ice pack as needed.
- Apply a mixture of baking soda and water, which can help reduce the itch response.
Mix 1 tablespoon baking soda with just enough water to create a paste.
Apply the paste to the mosquito bite.
Wait 10 minutes.
Wash off the paste.
- Use an over-the-counter anti-itch or antihistamine cream to help relieve itching. Follow the product label directions.
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